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Challenges And Benefits Of Outdoor Recreation Lock

All sporting facilities, backcountry walks trails, and parks in New Zealand are lock down for four weeks to prevent the spread of coronavirus.

New Zealanders known for their high participation in outdoor sports. Many people find that outdoor recreation is part of their stress management strategy when they experience high levels of stress. Their sense of belonging, identity, and community are enhance by their connection to the natural world.

My research on the benefits of outdoor recreation and informal sports during conflict and after disasters like the Christchurch earthquakes revealed parallels to the difficulties New Zealanders face while locked down. This research shows how important outdoor activities are for people’s resilience and the creative strategies they will employ to rebuild their sense of routine.

Let’s Get Rid Of The Mixed Messages Surrounding Outdoor Exercise Lock

The government’s message about outdoor activities at the beginning of the lockdown was mix. The prime minister encouraged people to stay at home and not leave their neighbourhood for exercise, but the Ministry of Health COVID-19 website states clearly. You can leave your home as long as you’re not ill. Access essential services such as grocery shopping or visiting a bank or pharmacy.

If You Are Working For An Essential Service, Go To Work Lock

Take a walk or do some exercise to enjoy the outdoors. You must maintain a distance of 2 metres from others when you leave your home. People who are outside the Alert Level 4 lockdown may be monitor by police and asked questions to see what they are doing.

People should be able to enjoy outdoor activities within walking distance of their homes, which highlights the inequalities in outdoor recreation access. Some people are not able to walk to the beach or bush reserve. These inequalities will felt over coming weeks.

Initial confusion caused divisions in the outdoor sports community. Surfing New Zealand conducted an online survey and found that 58% believe surfing should be allow with social distancing. Many surfers continue to do so despite the ban on recreational use of the ocean.

Local communities have taken it upon themselves, to police these activities. Online forums are filled with threats of physical, verbal and symbolic violence. This is all in the name of community safety. Many people are reporting that they have been harmed by Level 4 restrictions to the police.

While there is still much debate in certain lifestyle sports communities, most New Zealanders are committed to larger public health goals than their personal desires. They also have been doing the right things on social distancing.

Many national and local sports organizations, including Fish and Game and the Mountain Safety Council, Coastguard and NZ Water Safety, have issued strong discouragements to hiking, hunting, mountain biking and all other outdoor and ocean activities.

The government has made it much clearer that they encourage people to not drive for other than their essential needs.

Outdoor Recreation Increases Resilience And Recovery

It is well known that physical and sport activity have many benefits for mental and physical well-being. Research has also shown the importance of physical activity, sport, and play in building resilience during stressful times.

Further evidence supports the importance of nature and outdoor recreation for mental health in times of stress or trauma.

Christchurch residents lost their favorite sporting venues in the earthquake that struck February 22, 2011. My research revealed that informal outdoor activities have a variety of benefits for people living in Christchurch, including weight maintenance and stress reduction, greater resilience, stronger feelings of belonging and connectedness.

Researchers have found that if a person’s attachment is disrupted by an event such as war or natural catastrophe, it can lead to identity discontinuity, feelings of loss, and mourning.

Many Christchurch residents were sadden by the destruction of historic buildings and other places they frequented after the 2011 earthquakes. Some people associate their deepest feelings with places where they have participated in active recreation for years. Many New Zealanders will feel the loss of their sport and fitness areas, and they will be longing for them in the current lockdown.

Returning To Your Routines Lock

Research has shown that people often try to minimize the impact of major disruptions to their daily. Routines by trying restore routines, familiar spaces and timings.

My case studies of the Christchurch earthquakes in 2011 and other locations (New Orleans, Gaza and Afghanistan). Show that people are creative in engaging in sports activities. Which helps them deal with uncertainty and higher levels of stress.

Many Christchurch residents have reclaimed earthquake-damaged areas. Many people worked together to find safe places to participate, rather than accept closures. These new places became therapeutic landscapes, which provided much-needed psychological relief, escapism, and connection to the natural environment.

The context of New Zealand’s lockdown and the COVID-19 pandemic are quite different. However, there may be similarities in the psychological challenges and resilience strategies lock.

We are already seeing innovative ways to keep active recreation activities going. Many people are renovating their garages to create outdoor training areas and fitness circuits. Others set up backyard parkour routes to entertain their children.

Surfers cut off from the ocean for nine month after the Christchurch earthquakes. The current time constraints will likely lead to a renewed. Appreciation of the special places that give us identity and connection.

World-Class System Of Ocean Fish Protection

Recent federal government announcement re proclaiming the new Commonwealth Marine Fish Reserves. Contradicts previous plans to safeguard Australia’s marine biodiversity and to review management of Australia’s Marine Parks.

The government that in power at the time had plan to create a small number of marine sanctuary zones. Where commercial and recreational fishing would be prohibit. It seems that the new government is arguing that recreational fishing can be allow while still protecting biodiversity.

This is an excellent opportunity to increase ocean protection in Australia. However, the calls for further consultation and a scientific review are troubling. There is already strong scientific support for high-protected no-take zones. It seems that the announcement ignores the potential impact of recreational fishing on marine biodiversity. And that marine reserves could improve fishing outcomes.

Science Buckets

What are the advantages of no-take zones for ocean protection? Scientists have long been asking this question and now there are plenty of proof to support the idea that no-take zones are essential for protecting our oceans.

Marine sanctuaries are highly protect marine reserves that prohibit take. They increase fish diversity, abundance, and size around the world. Marine sanctuaries in Australia also have significant benefits.

The benefits of marine sanctuary areas are so evident that thousands upon thousands of scientists around the world have signed multiple consensus statements recognizing their importance to ocean health, as well as statements noting their unique role as ecosystem managers.

Research shows that marine sanctuaries with no take are a boon for fisheries and ecosystems at a time when fish populations are declining. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is home to approximately half the commercially and recreationally fished coral fish trout. These trout caught from 28% of the area’s no-take marine sanctuary.

Fish Abundance

Fish abundance can increase in other areas of the world outside or near marine sanctuaries without being detrimental to fishers. Fisheries may also have a greater economic value than marine sanctuaries.

Recreationally, the best fish caught within highly protect marine sanctuaries. The non-market value of recreational fishing is increasing. Recent research out of Tasmania has shown that high-protected areas can offer resilience to climate change.

What does all of this science mean? Simply put, if you don’t remove fish in a few areas, they will become larger and more abundant. Larger fish tend to have more offspring and push smaller fish out of reserves. These facts create a spill-over effect, which should make recreational and commercial fishermen giddy with excitement. The environment is also more resilient to changes.

To maintain healthy oceans, effective fisheries management is crucial. Highly protected marine sanctuaries that are no-take and non-take help.

Fish Also Hurt By Recreational Fishing

The announcement by the federal government mirrors a disturbing trend that overlooks the effects of recreational fishing. As a part of global catch, recreational fishing is large and growing. It can also be difficult to understand the total fish mortality.

This can seen in some Australian fish. Both dhufish (and herring) are overexploit in Western Australia. Recreational fishing accounts for approximately half of all fishing deaths.

Mulloway is an important recreational fish in NSW. It is currently listed as overfished with recreationally targeted eastern blue groper and pink snapper, flatheads and morwongs being either uncertain, fully fished or overfished. These species were not considered healthy by the NSW government when they allowed beach fishermen back into their state marine sanctuaries earlier in the year.

It is wrong to romanticize recreational fishing as just a hobbyist with little effect on the fish. This view overlooks the dramatic rise in fishing power due to improved recreational fishing technology, increased recreational boat sizes, as well as human population growth. These trends are recognized by many recreational fishermen.

A Chance To Create Better Marine Parks

Federal government called the prior regulation of marine parks a lockout on recreational fishermen from large areas of ocean. This is misleading.

Under the then-defunct commonwealth management plan and current state plans, 96% of Australia’s marine environment was open for fishing within 100km of our coast. 13.6% of the overall waters that were protected provided a high level, but they were mostly offshore and not accessible to fishers.

Marine wildlife is less protected at the state level. For example, less than 5 percent of WA State waters and 7 percent of NSW State waters offer high levels of protection. These results are far below international standards of protection.

Herein lies the chance. The government stated that they are protecting marine reserves, but rejected the flawed plans.

We have shown that there is a lot of scientific evidence supporting the use of marine sanctuaries as no-take fisheries and conservation sanctuaries. The government must now accept the science and make new plans based on scientific guidelines to achieve its goal.

The area designated as marine sanctuaries should be increased under the new management plans that will be published by July 2013. These areas also need to be representative of the diversity of our oceans rather than being out-of-sight-and-out-of-mind.

As pressure continues to mount on Australia’s oceans, the government cannot pander to special interests. Science is clear: Conservation benefits are derived from full protection, not partial protection.

Australia has an incredible opportunity to protect its marine biodiversity and make a significant contribution to the resilience and health of the oceans around the world. We are looking forward to the government supporting the science behind marine sanctuaries, and creating a truly international network of marine reserves that is highly representative and protected.

Children Live Online More Than Ever

The effects of the pandemic have had a profound impact on every aspect of our live, including how we use digital devices. The blurred line between educational and recreational screen time is a new challenge for young people that we are just beginning to understand.

Screen time was a concern for children even before the introduction of COVID. A 2019-20 survey revealed that four out of five children exceeded the Ministry of Health’s recommendation of two hours of recreational screen time per day. This was in addition to screen time related to learning.

It is becoming increasingly difficult to disconnect from screens, with social restrictions and lockdowns now the norm. Children are being raise in a digital society with a variety of devices that can use for everything, from social interaction to learning and entertainment.

It is becoming more difficult to distinguish between communication, learning and recreation. Screen time, which may appear to be solely recreational, can actually be beneficial for learning, supporting mental well-being and raising awareness about important issues.

YouTube can be both educational and entertaining, as well as being entertaining. It is use more often in classrooms to complement teaching. It is use in classes to supplement teaching. However, it can also be use in other ways to drive social change. Rezo, a German star, demonstrated this with a viral video on climate change that generated sweeping public reforms.

The popular online game Minecraft also has many educational and social benefits. Even Fortnite and Roblox, although they may not have the same benefits, offer rich opportunities for social engagement, problem solving, and experiential learning.

Are The Official Live Guidelines Still Valid?

All of this presents an interesting dilemma: Can we really fit screen-time into distinct categories? And should we limit certain types but not others?

Researchers from the University of Auckland’s Centre for Informed Futures (Koi Tu) have called for more precise and detailed official screen time recommendations.

They felt that the current recommendations did not reflect the wide range of screen time students are exposed to. A review of academic literature on the effects of screen time supported this conclusion.

Research suggests a strong association between screen time and a variety of learning, behavioural and other problems. However, these results are not conclusive. They can be attributed to other factors.

It was also important to consider the type of screen that you use. In many cases, passive screen usage had negative impacts, while interactive screen use did not have the same effects. The latter can actually have positive effects, such as higher learning achievement and better cognitive skills.

Finding The Right Balance Live

This means that we must shift our view of screen time from a simple measurement of how much time is spent on screens to better understand what children do on them.

It is important to balance passive and interactive screen time. However, it is equally important to find ways to promote and prioritize more socially and educationally productive online behavior.

This principle should guide schools adoption of technology. Instead of integrating technology into every aspect learning, the devices should be used to add value and improve learning.

Particularly relevant is the role of screen devices within classrooms in light of New Zealand’s 2018 PISA results. These showed that children who used devices in science and mathematics scored lower than those who did not.

The Ministry of Education replied in August of this year with the following: Although digital devices can enhance learning, there are not many situations in which this is possible and many where learning could be affect.

Active Versus Passive Time

There is a lot of doubt about the validity and reliability of the PISA test, but more research has revealed mixed results regarding the effects of screens in classrooms.

However, it is not possible to prove a causal relationship between academic outcomes and device use. Instead of assuming that screen time is bad for learning, we should examine how screens are use in class.

Technology integration should be a priority. Students live learn best when they have the opportunity to be actively involve in creating and driving their learning.

Digital devices can use in the same way. Students should not limit their passive consumption and instead engage in creative activities. This will allow students to have authentic experiences and open up new learning possibilities.

Instead of students just watching a YouTube video to learn about the solar systems. They might make their own augmented reality simulation. This would require them to use their knowledge to place, size, and animate digital objects.

This will avoid some of the negative effects of these ubiquitous devices. And it will also highlight some of their unique benefits

This will require deep and critical reflection on what can be gain or lost. In an age where digital technology is becoming more common.